Greek Pension Fund Best Hedge Fund of 2012?
A "huge bet" on Greek government bonds has seen a fund for pension schemes in Greece almost double assets under management (AUM) in around six months.Kerin Hope of the Financial Times also reports, Greek pension fund wins with bond bet:
This is a boon for its clients following the restructuring of Greek debt in March 2012, in which the crisis-hit country's pension funds, which were heavily invested in domestic bonds, lost an estimated total of €10bn.
However, compensation for the losses promised to Greek pension funds by the government has yet to materialise.
The Athens-based Hellenic Pension Mutual Fund Management Company (HPMF), which manages pooled funds exclusively for state retirement schemes, saw assets under management slump from €496m in January 2012 to €384m at the end of June.
However, as at 23 January 2013, HPMF's assets jumped to €674.6m.
John Kyriakopoulos, managing director at HPMF, said the results were down mainly to the performance of one the company's two funds, the Mixed Balance Fund.
"After the June elections in Greece, it was clear to us the country would stay in the euro, so our investment committee decided to take a huge bet and invest €100m of the Mixed Balanced Fund in Greek government bonds," he said.
"It was very risky, but we took the view that we believed in the long-term stability of Europe."
Following the bond write-down on 12 March 2012, the Mixed Balanced Fund was left with 7% Greek bonds (mostly government), 25% European Financial Stability Fund (EFSF) bonds, 25% cash and 43% Greek equities.
In the actively managed fund, AUM dropped to €285.8m from €312.8m at the start of 2012.
Kyriakopoulos said: "At the end of July, we began liquidating, at zero loss, the EFSF bonds at par, and we started buying the new Greek bond strip at between 13% and 24% NPV [net present value], which today is at approximately 47%."
The fund's €100m investment in Greek debt was made by divesting €60m from EFSF bonds and €40m from cash reserves.
The audacious move paid off, with the Mixed Balance Funds reaching €500.57m on 23 January 2013.
The fund's benchmark for the period 29 June to 20 December 2012 increased 26%, while HMPF's balanced fund delivered growth of 72%.
Kyriakopoulos said: "The risk of loss was extremely high because, in the period between July and November, the general view of the Greek refinancing programme was extremely negative. But, based on intuition, we decided to do it."
Under the March 2012 bond restructuring deal, in which government bonds lost as much as half of their value, pension funds in Greece are supposed to receive state-owned property.
This compensation is to match the value of the €10bn that the pension funds have lost collectively.
However, almost one year on, pension schemes are still waiting for the compensation, with commentators branding the proposed deal vague.
The delay is a particular blow for HPMF, which is in line to manage the property on behalf of pension funds in a real estate investment trust.
Kyriakopoulos said: "The fund has not been established, and it is unclear when it will happen."
In the meantime, HPMF's bold move will lift the portfolios of its four clients, which include three of the largest state pension schemes in Greece.
With the Greek pension system almost entirely in the first pillar, this is a welcome boost for many austerity-hit Greeks.
The three schemes are those of the social security organisation, known as IKA, which accounts for 30% of HPMF's assets under management; OGA, the pension fund for agricultural workers, with 15%; and OAEE, the pension scheme for self employed people, with 15%.
The remaining 40% of HPMF's assets are from the Greek central bank, the National Bank of Greece.
The bank administers around 77% of the surplus cash of the country's pension funds.
HPMF's big bet was a one-off, however, Kyriakopoulos said.
"We achieved a necessary improvement, but now we need to preserve value, so, going forward, we will be more conservative," he added.
The Mixed Balance Fund's present asset allocation is 58% Greek bonds, 5% cash and 37% Greek equities.
Within the Greek equity portfolio, over the past six months, HPMF has been rebalancing away from an overweight position in Greek banks towards a more diversified mix of the top 20 Greek listed companies.
HPMF did not allocate a significant portion of its other mutual fund, the European Bonds Fund, to Greek government bonds over the summer.
Kyriakopoulos said this was because, at the time of the bond write-down, known as private sector involvement, the government set new rules for the fund, restricting it to investing in a well diversified mix of European bonds.
The fund had previously been called the Greek Bonds Fund and comprised 95% Greek government bonds.
The strategy was set by the government when HPMF, which is a private company, was founded in 2000.
This was based on the belief domestic bonds would provide protection for pension funds, a strategy Kyriakopoulos described as "hopelessly out of date".
The managers of a fund for Greek pension schemes have doubled its assets by following the example of aggressive investors who netted windfall gains buying junk-rated Greek government bonds last year.The big fat Greek bond bet was a "one-off" but kudos to Mr Kyriakopoulos and his team at HPMF for having the courage to make it at the right time. Just another example of brave investors who made a killing ignoring the euro doom & gloom of 2012.
The Hellenic Pension Mutual Fund Management Company’s investment committee took a bet last June that Greece would manage to get its economic reform programme back on track and avoid crashing out of the euro.
“It was risky because there was so much scepticism about Greece’s fate as a eurozone member,” said John Kyriakopoulos, HPMF’s managing director. “But we made more money than the hedge funds that played with Greece.”
HPMF, which manages funds pooled by three of Greece’s biggest state pension funds and National Bank of Greece, a commercial lender, saw its Mixed Balanced Fund’s assets rise from €240m at the end of June to €500m on January 31.
Its holdings now consist of 58 per cent Greek bonds, 37 per cent Greek equities and 5 per cent cash.
Smaller Greek state pension funds, which are only able to invest in Greek government bonds that are held by the central bank as custodian, together had losses close to €10bn over the same period.
The decision to invest €100m in Greek bonds – just over 40 per cent of the fund’s assets – was taken after consulting HPMF’s Athens-based investment advisers, National Bank of Greece and Eurobank, Mr Kyriakopoulos said.
“We were getting information on what hedge funds were doing, and we followed spreads on Greek bonds over German Bunds very closely . . . It was clear something positive was happening,” he said.
Even though the mixed balance fund is actively managed, and the bond purchase fell within its investment benchmarks, the decision “clearly marked a departure from its usual practice”, said an asset manager at a private Greek bank.
Mr Kyriakopoulos said: “Importantly, we saw consensus on the political front, among partners in the coalition government that emerged from the June election and between the coalition and the troika [the EU, International Monetary Fund and European Central Bank] on resuming reforms.”
HPMF sold at par its entire €60m of European Financial Stability Facility bonds acquired in March as part of the debt restructuring without incurring any losses. It took €40m from its cash reserves to make the investment.
It bought the Greek “strip” – a basket of securities with mixed maturities that investors received in exchange for their old bonds in the restructuring – at between 13 cents and 24 cents on the euro in tranches of €5m-10m over the summer.
Yet unlike many hedge funds, HPMF decided against participating in a €11bn buyback of Greek debt last December priced at 33 cents on the euro. The strip is currently trading just below last month’s peak of 47 cents.
“We held on to the bonds because we saw some more upside potential,” Mr Kyriakopoulos said. “Business confidence is up, mattress money is coming back to the banks, and the government is tackling the reform agenda.”
Unfortunately, I can't say the same about smaller Greek state pension funds which are only able to invest in Greek government bonds. They lost close to €10bn over the same period and the crisis wiped many of them out. Their governance is hopelessly antiquated.
Looking ahead, I believe the worst is behind Greece but that provides little comfort to the millions of Greeks without a job as unemployment, especially youth unemployment, remains at depression levels. Worse still, there are no reforms aimed at resolving the real Greek crisis and many worry another storm lies ahead.
But every once in a while I read an article like this that reminds me there are plenty of extremely bright Greeks who do know what they're doing. So the next time someone asks you which was the best hedge fund of 2012, tell them it's a small Greek pension fund you never heard of which made a killing betting on Greek bonds, outperforming the likes of Third Point and a few other elite funds that made the exact same bet.
Below, Hans Humes, chief executive officer of Greylock Capital Management LLC, discusses the outlook for the Greek and Argentine economies. He speaks with Guy Johnson on Bloomberg Television's "The Pulse."
And David Tweed reports on the Greek economy. He speaks with Mark Barton on Bloomberg Television's "Countdown," discussing his interview with Greek Finance Minister Yannis Stournaras.